Electric and Gas Cars Comparison

Economics 4 pages (1100 words)

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Gas and electric automobiles are two different vehicles with various propulsion methods. Electric vehicles are a comparatively new development in the automotive business, whereas gas cars have been the standard for over a century. This article will compare electric and gas-powered vehicles, concentrating on the economic, expense, environmental impact, and driving experience.

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Due to their distinctive engine, electric cars have the benefit of being more effective than gas vehicles. Gas cars use an internal combustion engine to generate mechanical energy transmitted to the wheels, whereas electric vehicles use a motor driven by a battery to move the wheels. Because it transforms more of the battery's energy into mechanical energy to move the wheels, an electric car's motor is more effective than a gasoline-powered one (Li et al. 824). This results in more effective energy use because less energy is lost as heat or vibration.

On the other hand, gasoline-powered vehicles are less efficient because the gasoline is burned to produce heat and mechanical energy, which is then transmitted to the axles. Several variables impact gas vehicle efficiency, including engine capacity, operating technique, and route circumstances. Generally, bigger engines consume more gasoline than smaller ones, and aggressive or stop-and-go driving can reduce fuel economy (Li et al. 826). Gas vehicles may also be less effective on some kinds of roadways, such as those with sharp inclines or lengthy expanses of freeway travel. Gasoline-powered cars are usually less efficient than electric vehicles due to the possibility that any of these variables will affect the energy needed to cover a specific distance.

Environmental Impact

Because they have the potential to lessen the environmental effect of transportation greatly, electric cars have become a hopeful option for gas-powered vehicles. Electric vehicles have a minimal ecological effect primarily because they run on electricity, which emits no pollutants while in use (Bekel et al. 2220). On the other hand, gasoline-powered cars depend on combustion engines that consume fossil fuels, causing the release of greenhouse gases and other atmospheric pollutants.

Due to their role in air pollution and climate change, gas-powered vehicles' environmental effect has become a growing source of worry in recent years. Fossil fuels used to power gas vehicles are also produced, refined, and transported, which has significant environmental effects like oil spills and habitat devastation. While producing little to no pollution during operation, sustainable energy sources like wind, sun, hydro, and geothermal energy can be used to power electric vehicles.

While using green energy sources for electric power vehicles can greatly lessen their environmental impact, some environmental impact is still associated with producing and removing the batteries (Bekel et al. 2224). To lessen the environmental effect of electric vehicle batteries, attempts are still being made to create more environmentally friendly battery materials and recycling techniques.


Since electric cars are more expensive upfront than petroleum vehicles, some customers may find them less affordable. However, the price of electronic vehicles has been dropping recently, making them more accessible. The cost of electric cars has decreased due to advancements in battery technology and higher manufacturing rates (Bekel et al., 2220). Additionally, several tax breaks and benefits are offered for buying an electric vehicle, which can help to balance the higher initial cost.

Due to their reduced upkeep and fuel expenses, electric vehicles are more affordable to own in the long run than gas-powered vehicles. Electric vehicles can be fueled at home and do not need gas, reducing gasoline's expense. Additionally, electronic vehicles are simpler to keep and need fewer repairs than gas-powered vehicles because they have fewer moving components (Bekel et al. 2223). Regular oil changes are necessary for gas vehicles, which can build up over time. Additionally, gas engines are more complicated than electric engines, requiring more upkeep and fixes.

An additional benefit of an electronic vehicle is that it typically lasts longer than a gas vehicle. Since they have fewer moving parts, electric vehicles are less prone to break down mechanically. In addition, many producers of electric vehicles provide lengthy guarantees on their batteries, which can last for ten years or longer. This reduces the need for pricey fixes or replacements because customers can be confident that their electric vehicles will be reliable for an extended period.

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Driving Experience

Driving encounters in gas and electric vehicles are distinct. Due to the absence of an internal combustion engine, electric vehicles are typically calmer and gentler than gas-powered vehicles. They can move swiftly and easily because they have instant torque as well. On the other hand, gas vehicles provide a more conventional driving experience with an internal combustion engine's sound and sensation (Ingeborgrud et al. 507). While some people prefer the sensation and sound of gas-powered vehicles, others favor electric vehicles' peaceful and comfortable journey.

Range and Charging

When comparing electric and gasoline vehicles, range and recharge are important considerations. Since gas cars can drive farther on a full tank of gas than an electric car on a full battery charge, the range of gas cars can be an advantage over most electric cars. Because of this, gas vehicles are better suited for extended journeys and road trips. However, as the technology for electric vehicles develops, so does their range; some can now go more than 300 miles on a single charge (Albatayneh et al. 670). This range can be adequate for most people's everyday needs and, with some preparation, even for extended journeys.

When contrasting electronic and gas-powered vehicles, charging is another aspect to consider. Although it takes longer to charge an electronic vehicle than refuel with gasoline, this difference is shrinking as technology advances. Electric vehicles can also be charged at home, which makes them more practical for everyday use. While frequent visits to the gas station for refilling are necessary for gas vehicles, they can be both unpleasant and time-consuming (Albatayneh et al. 672). Gasoline-powered vehicles, on the other hand, have the benefit of being able to refuel rapidly, which makes them more appropriate for long-distance journeys and excursions where a charging infrastructure may not be present.

In conclusion, both gas and electrified vehicles have advantages and disadvantages. Although they cost more upfront and have a limited range, electric vehicles are more cost-effective, environmentally friendly, and efficient. Gas vehicles are less efficient, have a greater environmental impact, and have higher long-term gasoline and upkeep expenses. However, they are less expensive initially, have a longer range, and provide a more traditional driving experience. The decision to purchase an electric or gas-powered vehicle ultimately comes down to personal tastes and goals.

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Works Cited

Albatayneh, Aiman, et al. "Comparison of the overall energy efficiency for internal combustion engine vehicles and electric vehicles." Rigas Tehniskas Universitates Zinatniskie Raksti 24.1 (2020): 669-680.

Bekel, Kai, and Stefan Pauliuk. "Prospective cost and environmental impact assessment of battery and fuel cell electric vehicles in Germany." The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 24 (2019): 2220-2237.

Ingeborgrud, Lina, and Marianne Ryghaug. "The role of practical, cognitive and symbolic factors in the successful implementation of battery electric vehicles in Norway." Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 130 (2019): 507-516.

Li, Zhenhe, Amir Khajepour, and Jinchun Song. "A comprehensive review of the key technologies for pure electric vehicles." Energy 182 (2019): 824-839.

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